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Ancient Jewish Quarter
Ancient Jewish Quarter
|Location Lucena, Spain|
|Address Lucena, Spain|
|Open to visitors no|
|Need appointment no|
|Handicap accessibility no|
|Geographical Coordinates 37.4089,-4.4846|
Calle Flores de Negrón leads into Santiago, one of the oldest districts in the city and a possible suburb from the time of the heyday of Jewish Lucena.
This parish church is traditionally believed to have been an old Jewish synagogue, but it may have been built using materials from the recently demolished old temple of San Mateo, which may well have been the former synagogue and mosque.
The sculpture in honour of one of the most important rabbis of the old Pearl of Sefarad, the city of the Jews, sits in Santiago Square. The bust depicts Yosef Ibn Meir Ha-Levi Ibn Megas.
Ibn Daud writes the following in relation to the end of Lucena's Jewish quarter:
The death of rabbi Yosef ibn Migash was followed by years of war, evil decrees and the persecution of the Jews, who were forced to abandon their homes, fleeing from the sword, famine and captivity; the abandonment of their faith was now an addition to the prophecy of Jeremias.
All this occurred under the sword of ibn Tumart, born in 873, who declared a campaign of apostasy against the Jews on saying: Come and let us put an end to a nation; that the name of Israel be a mere memory; and thereby annihilated all Jews from the Empire, names and remains from the city of Silves at the end of the world to the city of al-Madhiya. In light of this situation, the children of rabbi Yosef ibn Migash, incapable of keeping their schools, were the first to flee the city of Toledo.
Beyond the parish of Santiago lies Llano de la Tinajerías, home to most of Lucena's potter's and earthenware stores. This where you can visit artisan potteries, a traditional which has been lost in time. The pottery industry in Lucena thrived during the Middle Ages, particularly in the Jewish era (9th to 12th centuries), when the aforementioned exploitation of the abundant vineyards and olive groves around Lucena required not only large containers to preserve the rich must and extremely popular local oils, but an entire range of products vital to construction and domestic use.