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|Location 31°45′33.01″N 35°13′14.94″E|
|Address Jerusalem israel|
|Open to visitors yes|
|Need appointment no|
|Handicap accessibility yes|
|Geographical Coordinates 31.75917,35.22082|
Baka is a neighborhood in southern Jerusalem, Israel. The official name is Geulim, which is mainly used on road signs. Baka is bounded by Talpiot to the south, Mekor Chaim to the west, the Greek Colony and German Colony to the northwest, and Abu Tor to the east.
History and time period
Baka was established in the late 19th century after the completion of the Jerusalem Railway Station. The station created the nucleus of a commercial center that eventually attracted wealthy Arab, Christian and Armenian families from the Old City who built mansions there in the 1920s. The neighborhood had an agricultural character until the 1950's.
During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the neighborhood was left on the Israeli (western) side of the dividing line between West Jerusalem and East Jerusalem. Its population changed, as with many neighborhoods on both sides of the dividing line. Many streets in Baka are named for the Twelve Tribes: Judah, Issachar, Zevulun, Reuven, Shimon, Gad, Ephraim, Menashe, Benjamin, Dan, Asher and Naphtali.
Demographically, the neighborhood contains a mix of religious and secular Jews. It is popular among English and French-speaking immigrants.
Schools and public institutions
Schools in Baka include Oranim, Efrata, Geulim A, and Pelech, a religious high school for girls. Ulpan Etzion, Israel's first Hebrew-language school, was established in Baka in 1949. The ulpan, directed by Mordechai Kamerat, was used as a model for Hebrew language teaching all over Israel. In 2008, the school vacated its college-style dormitories, communal rooms and gardens after the lease expired with the Carmelite Church that owned the property.