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Berat County

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Berat County

800px-Berat Castle, Albania.jpg

Basic Information

Location Berat County, Albania
Country Albania
City Berat

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 40.6953,20.04497

General

"The County of Berat (Albanian: Qarku i Beratit) is one of the 12 counties of Albania. It consists of the districts Berat, Kuçovë, and Skrapar, its capital is Berat. The main cities are Berat, Kucove, Polican, Ura Vajgurore, Corovode and Bogove. Berat is a UNESCO World Heritage Site covering an area of 58.9 hectares (146 acres) and a buffer zone of 136.2 hectares (337 acres). It lies 123 km south of Tirana, the capital of Albania.

The historical, cultural and architectural heritage of the Byzantine era and of the Ottoman Empire is amply represented in the many monuments still well preserved and maintained in the Berat city of the county. It is popularly known as the "City of a Thousand Steps" and also a "Museum City".The Halveti Teqe (Albanian: Teqeja e Helvetive) is a Cultural Monument of Albania, located in Berat. Near of tekke is reported to be the grave of Shabbatai Zevi, a Turkish Jew who had been banished to Dulcigno (present day Ulcinj) who created controversy among his followers upon his conversion to Islam.

History

The teqe (cemevi in Turkish) was built in 1782 from Ahmet Kurt Pasha and pertained to the Khalwati order, a bektashi sect. Berat is a town located in south-central Albania. As of 2009, the town has an estimated population of 71,000 people. It is the capital of both the District of Berat and the larger County of Berat. The old town (Mangalem district) was included on the World Heritage List in July 2008.





Notes

Sabbatai Zevi (שַׁבְּתַאי צְבִי Shabbetai Tzvi, other spellings include Sabbatai Ẓevi, Shabbetai Ẓevi, Sabbatai Sevi, and Sabetay Sevi in Turkish) (August 1, 1626 – c. September 17, 1676 in Dulcigno (present day Ulcinj, Montenegro)) was a Sephardic Rabbi and kabbalist who claimed to be the long-awaited Jewish Messiah. He was the founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement. At the age of forty, he was forced by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed IV to convert to Islam. Some of his followers also converted to Islam, about 300 families who were known as the Dönmeh (also know as Dönme or converts). The demise of Zevi is clouded in some mystery because of conflicting accounts about exactly how, when and where he died. There are those who maintain he died of natural causes and others that claim he was executed by hanging. Historians seem to agree that in 1673 Zevi was exiled by the Turkish sultan to the Albanian port of Ulcinj (now in Montenegro), dying there some years later

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Country

Albania

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Time period

16th-18th century