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Besalú Call

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Besalú Call

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Basic Information

Location Besalu, Spain
Country Spain
City Besalu
Address Besalu, Spain

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 42.1990,2.70016


Summary

The Jews set up in the county of Besalú as from the 9th century , but we are unable to find any written documentation until the 13th century . The oldest documentary evidence dated back to 1229 when King Jaime I the Conqueror restricted their lending activities. From that juncture, we can find continuous references to the Jews of Besalú, the synagogue, the mayors and the Jewish functionaries.

The Jewish community of Besalú was bound between 1300 and 1342 to the Girona collect After becoming an independent collect thanks to the privilege of King Pedro IV, the Jewish quarter of Besalú experienced its most successful period between 1342 and 1391 when it formed its own collect along with Banyoles, Figueres, Camprodón, Olot and Sant Llorenç de la Muga Although there are no references here to the slaughters of 1391, what is for sure is that as from this date the city's Jewish quarter went into free-fall with a string of conversions or exile, firstly to other Catalan settlements like Granollers or Castelló dʼEmpúries and then to France. The famous papal bull of Benedict XIII of 1415 which laid down the requirement to segregate the Jews in closed districts helped to exacerbate the situation further. In no time the decree of expulsion was issued by the Catholic Monarchs as in 1436 there were officially no Jews in Besalú. Only a few families remained until the end such as Des Catllar, Carcassona or Belshom Ceravita


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Country

Spain

City

Besalu



Affiliation