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Corredera Square

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Corredera Square


Basic Information

Location Cordoba, Spain
Country Spain
City Cordoba
Address Cordoba, Spain

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 37.8835,-4.7744


La Corredera square is situated in the centre of the city down to Rodríguez Marín or Espartería street, opposite the Roman Temple. It consists of a very ample rectangle with a porticoed lower gallery. The semi-circular arches on pillars serve to support three stories, with rectangular, symmetric holes and prolonged iron balconies. At this square stone, lime and brick combine in an amazing harmony.

La Corredera square was raised in the 15th century on what had previously been a simple area of level ground outside the walls of the Medina; it owes its name to the bullfights which were held there. This enclave owes its current appearance to the works commissioned in 1687 by the Chief Magistrate Francisco Ronquillo Briceño, following the Baroque model of the main Castilian squares and acquiring, like the latter, its rectangular shape and its current architecture. All that remains of the previous age were the Houses of doña Ana Jacinto from the 16th century which take up the space to the southwest of the square.

The La Corredera square was originally designed as a space to celebrate the major public acts of the time: bullfights, jousting with canes, military victories, religious acts, autos de fe and even executions. The current remodelling, carried out in 2001, has given it back its original purpose as an entertainment and meeting place on whose terraces the sun and beauty of the environs can be enjoyed. The style of this square is unique in Andalusia and it may form a trilogy with the main square in and Madrid and that of Salamanca. La Corredera square bore testimony for centuries to one of the darkest chapters in the history of Spain: the Holy Inquisition.

This place was the stage for the autos de fe organised by the Holy Office to atone for the sins of heretics: Jews including converted families – moriscos –converted Moslems–, witches, protestants and even masons and apologists of the ideas of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution in the 18th century. autos de fe were ceremonies which lasted all day long, from morning to night. They were public shows which started off with a pompous procession of the civil and ecclesiastical authorities followed by the condemned dressed in sanbenitos and hoods. The sentences were read and those condemned to death were handed over to the civil office where the executioner burned them at the stake in plain view of everyone. The Court of the Holy Office was created in 1478 during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs and was not abolished in Spain until 1812.

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