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Crusader Cardo

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Crusader Cardo

CardoAeliae.JPG

Basic Information

Location הקארדו, ירושלים
Phone number 02-6265900 ext. 2
Country Israel
City Jerusalem

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility yes
Website http://www.jerusalem-oldcity.org.il/pages/Cardo_heb.aspx
Geographical Coordinates 31.77583,35.231



Summary

The cardo was a north–south-oriented street in Roman cities, military camps, and coloniae. The cardo, an integral component of city planning, was lined with shops and vendors, and served as a hub of economic life. The main cardo was called cardo maximus. Most Roman cities also had a Decumanus Maximus, an east-west street that served as a secondary main street. Due to varying geography, in some cities the decumanus is the main street and the cardo is secondary, but in general the cardo maximus served as the primary road. The Forum was normally located at the intersection of the Decumanus and the Cardo. The cardo was the "hinge" or axis of the city, derived from the same root as cardinal.

The main street of Crusader Jerusalem went from Nabelus gate (St. Stephan) to Zion gate, to the area of the Holy Seplecure and there they divided the cardo into three different markets: the covered market, the spice market and the bad cooking market. This occurred under the reign of queen Melisinda, the queen of Jerusalem.


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