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Engel House

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Basic Information

Location 84 Rothschild Blvd., Tel Aviv
Country Israel
City Tel Aviv-Yafo

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Website http://www.white-city.co.il/map/rotshild.pdf
Geographical Coordinates 32.06602,34.77746


Summary

A residential house, with large dimensions, that has become one of the symbols and standards of the modern architecture. Located on the roof is an exercise room and a roof garden in the style of Le Corbusier. This is the first structure in the city that was planned on stilts, after a debate with city authorities about whether the deduction of the open space from the percentages of the constructed area. In this way, an optical illusion of expanse, greenery and flow and movement of air was created. The Engel House was built in a u-shape around an inner courtyard, facing Mazeh Street. Horizontal emphasis was created by protruding window frames, serving as a replacement for the European, wide, strip window - which is certainty incompatible with the climatic conditions of Tel Aviv. The convergence between the balconies of the two facades creates plays of mass and light and shade (if you can imagine the house plastered in clean white) and the back wall of the house has a prominent wave-like shape. The exterior wall, plastered in white, emphasizes the principle of the building - it is an envelope of the space, receiving its exterior characteristics from the space enclosed. On the flat roof, a concrete pergola floats, which was designed to emphasize the function of the roof as a meeting place for the tenants. Upon return from his studies in Paris, where he was influenced by the doctrine of Le Corbusier, architect Zeev Rechter rented a spacious apartment in this house. Other tenants of this building include the Shamir brothers, pioneers of graphics in the land of Israel and Edis de Phillipe, one of the founders of the opera in Tel Aviv. During the Second World War, the stilts story became a British headquarters.


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