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Grave of Rambam

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Basic Information

Location 32.79°N 35.537222°E
Country Israel
City Tiberias
Address Tiberias

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment yes
Handicap accessibility no
Website http://www.goisrael.gov.il/tourism_heb2/Tourist%20Information/Ethnic%20Groups/Tzadikim/Pages/Tiberias%20Tomb%20of%20Maimonides.aspx
Geographical Coordinates 32.78993,35.53697


Summary

According to Jewish tradition, the Tomb of Maimonides is located in central Tiberias, on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. Maimonides died in Fustat, Egypt on 20 December 1204, where it is believed that he was briefly buried before being re-interred in Tiberias. The Tomb of Maimonides is one of the most important Jewish pilgrimage sites in Israel, and one of Tiberias's most visited tourist attractions. The place of the tomb of Maimonides is also the burial place of Rabbis Isaiah Horowitz and Yochanan ben Zakai.

Rabbi Ya'akov Moshe Toledano originally purchased the lands around the tomb in 1920, and as a result the tomb was transferred to Jewish ownership. At the end of 1955 the Religious Services Minister of Israel began the excavation work at the site of the tomb and soon many additional graves were discovered around the tomb of Maimonides. The employees of the Department of National Roads Company of Israel continued to work despite the presence of graves. One of the most prominent leaders of the Orthodox community then, Rabbi Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik, was shocked from the what he perceived as desecration of the dead's honor at the site. He turned to the prominent rabbis of the ultra-Orthodox community and to the Neturei Karta - Rabbi Amram Blau and Rabbi Aaron Katsenelenbogen - and asked them to organize demonstrations and prevent the continuation of the work and desecration in the site. As a result, a large number of activists started protesting at the Maimonides Tomb. The protested eventually led to the suspension the work on the site temporarily. After a period of time the work was resumed as well as the protests of the ultra-Orthodox activists which was also resumed. Neturei Karta activists has protestors physically protecting the graves throughout the day in shifts preventing the workers and archaeologists to approach the graves. Another group of ultra-Orthodox activists from Bnei Brak joined them later as well. The groups of protesters consisted of hundreds of people, and they also held demonstrations in the streets of Tiberias. Neturei Karta also claimed at the time that they are considering turning to the United Nations to intervene in this affair. Later on, one of the tractors working at the site accidentally hit the nearby grave of Isaiah Horowitz. Even though it happened accidentally, this event created a big rage among the protestors, and the tractor driver had to quickly flee from the area for his life. Following this incident and the uproar it initiated, it was eventually decided to suspend the work at Maimonides' tomb site. Representatives of the Religious Services Minister of Israel and the Chief Rabbinate pledged that no excavation work would be done on the site.


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