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Great Synagogue, Oran

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Great Synagogue, Oran

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Basic Information

Location 35°42′00″N 0°39′01″W
Country Algeria
City Oran

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 35.69977,-0.65013


Summary

The Great Synagogue of Oran (French: Grande synagogue d'Oran, Arabic: معبد وهران العظيم‎), Algeria, was built in 1880 at the initiative of Simon Kanoui, but its inauguration took place only in 1918. Also known as Temple Israelite, it is located on the former Boulevard Joffre, currently Boulevard Maata Mohamed El Habib. It was one of the largest and most superb synagogues in North Africa.

After the end of the French rule, the 1963 promulgated Nationality Code of newly independent Algeria granted citizenship only to Muslims, requiring that only those individuals whose fathers and paternal grandfathers had Muslim personal status could become citizens of the new state. Most Jewish residents were then driven into exile and only a few remained behind. The synagogue was confiscated and converted into a mosque in 1975.

The Great Synagogue of Oran was one of at least seventeen synagogues confiscated by the Algerian government. It is now called the Mosque Abdellah Ben Salem.


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