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Ketubot in the Municipal Historic Archive

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Ketubot in the Municipal Historic Archive


Basic Information

Location Tudela, Spain
Country Spain
City Tudela

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 42.0629,-1.6077


The first contract of marriage written in Hebrewestablishes the marriage of Selomó, the son of Yom-Tob Alparga (or Alfarga) and Soli, the daughter of Hayim ben Kelaf, signed on Thursday the second of Elul of year 5060 since the Creation of the world (August 18th 1300). The document sets out the habitual formula for the groom to ask for the hand of his promised one:

Sé mi esposa según la Ley de Moisés e Israel, y yo te serviré, honraré mantendré y sustentaré a la manera de los varones judíos que sirven, honran, mantienen y sostienen a sus mujeres fielmente...
It is the oldest Ketubah conserved. The text is framed by a coloured band in red ink and, on each side, there is the figure of a small bird and this is the only Ketubah preserving its zoomorphic ornamentation. The form of decorating this manuscript can be related to that defended by Rabbi Simeón ben Zerah Durán de Mallorca (1361-1444) who recommended the decoration of all the blank spaces in a document to avoid the manipulation of the clauses and hence the alteration of the marriage.

The second marriage contract, also drafted in Hebrew, stipulates the marriage of Moses del Gabay and the widow Solbella, daughter of Samuel Sarsalom, signed in Tudela on Friday 14th of Marheshwan 5247 (October 13th 1486). The bride provided a dowry in garments, jewels and trousseaus valued at 100 florins. In turn, the groom donated to her as a tosefet 10 florins and as a mohar a house in Cascante free of encumbrances and a vineyard, also in Cascante, with a tax to the church of Santa María of the same place of 16 sueldos per annum. In addition to the groom, the ketubah is signed by two witnesses: the notary of the aljama, Jacob de la Rebiza and Jacob Gormezano

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