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Kishinev Old Jewish Cemetery

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Kishinev Old Jewish Cemetery


Basic Information

Location Milano Street 1, Kishinev
Country Moldova, Republic of
City Kishinev

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Website http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0012_0_11206.html
Geographical Coordinates 47.03668,28.79818


Kishev (Rom. ChiŞinău), capital of Moldova, formerly within Bessarabia. A Jewish cemetery is known to have existed in a village near Kishinev during the 18th century. In 1774, a ḥevra kaddisha was founded in the town with a membership of 144. When Kishinev became the capital of Bessarabia under Russian rule (1818) it developed rapidly, becoming a commercial and industrial center, and many Jews moved there from other places in Russia. The first rabbi of Kishinev was Zalman b. Mordecai Shargorodski. In 1816, R. *Ḥayyim b. Solomon Tyrer of Czernowitz laid the foundation stone of the Great Synagogue and in 1838, in the wake of the authorities' efforts to hasten the assimilation of the Jews, the first Jewish secular school was opened. In time two other government schools were opened. The poet J. *Eichenbaum and the scholar J. *Goldenthal taught there. The *Haskalah movement won few adherents among the Jews of Kishinev.

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