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Martef Ha-Sho'a

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Basic Information

Location 31°46′18″N 35°13′43″E
Phone number 02-6716841
Country Israel
City Jerusalem
Address Mount Zion

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility yes
Website http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%9E%D7%A8%D7%AA%D7%A3_%D7%94%D7%A9%D7%95%D7%90%D7%94
Geographical Coordinates 31.77167,35.22904


General

The basement of the Holocaust is the first Holocaust museum established in Israel. The museum is located on Mount Zion in Jerusalem, and is aimed primarily for the Haredi sector. The site was established in 1948 by the Ministry of Religious Affairs, initiated by the "CEO" of Mount Herzl, Rabbi Dr. Samuel Zanvil Kahane, who was "in charge" of Mount Zion. The original goal was to establish a symbolic burial site in memory of the extinct communities. Later on it became a museum. The inspiration for building the museum on Mount Zion was from a verse in the bible: "and Mount Zion will be saved and was holy." The museum is now operated by the Diaspora Yeshiva, ultra-Orthodox yeshiva for overseas, operating nearby. The museum has a large yard and ten showrooms. The Walls of the courtyard and of several of the ten rooms and passageways are covered with memory plaques for more than two thousand Jewish communities that were destroyed on the Holocaust. The exhibits in the museum are numbered by Hebrew letters. Many of the exhibits deal with religious elements. One exhibit is a bloody Torah scroll found in Poland, found lying at the entrance to a tomb. The scroll was handwritten from memory by Jews in the Buchenwald concentration camp. Other views items such as handbags, shoe soles, and wallets made of parchment Torah scrolls. The Museum has many tombstones and memorials , for instance a memorial for the yellow star, three rooms full of yerzeit plates, and more. Compared to Yad Vashemwhich presents many personal items and describes the course of the Holocaust through the eyes of the individual, The Chamber of the Holocaust focuses on the destruction of communities and the destruction of religious collective memory. Another difference is the absence of the Zionist movement and the State of Israel after the Holocaust. This has to do with the orthodox character of the museum, but perhaps many seek to create a separation between the Holocaust and the establishment of the state - issues related to each other, but not necessarily dependent on each other.






Notes

Opening Hours: Sun-Thur 8:00-17:00 Fri 8:00-13:00


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