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Mauthausen Gusen Concentration Camp

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Mauthausen Gusen Concentration Camp

Mauthausen.jpg

Basic Information

Location 48° 15′ 32″ N, 14° 30′ 4″ E
Phone number +43 (0)7238 2269
Country Austria
City Linz

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 48.25866,14.49973


Summary

Mauthausen Concentration Camp grew to become a large group of Germany concentration camps that was built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly 20 km east of the city of Linz. Its history ran from the time of the Anschluss in 1938 to the last week of WWII.


History and time period

Initially a single camp at Mauthausen, it expanded over time and by the summer of 1940, Mauthausen had become one of the largest labor camp complexes in German controlled Europe. Apart from the four main sub-camps at Mauthausen and nearby Gusen, more than 50 sub-camps, located throughout Austria and southern Germany, used the inmates as slave labor.

In January 1945 the camps contained roughly 85,000 inmates. The death toll remains unknown, although most sources place it between 122,766 and 320,000 for the entire complex. The camps formed one of the first massive concentration camp complexes in Nazi Germany, and were the last ones to be liberated by the Allies. The two main camps, Mauthausen and Gusen I, were labelled as "Grade III" camps, which meant that they were intended to be the toughest camps for the "Incorrigible Political Enemies of the Reich".

Unlike many other concentration camps, which were intended for all categories of prisoners, Mauthausen was mostly used for extermination through labor of the intelligentsia, who were educated people and members of the higher social classes in countries subjugated by the Nazi regime during WWII.





Notes

Visiting hours: Daily from 9 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. (admission until 4.45 p.m.); Closed: 24 to 26 December, 31 December, 1 January

Admission €2.00 Reduced admission €1.00 (Children, students under 27, senior citizens from 65 years of age) Family ticket €4.80 (2 adults and children)

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