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Mount Arbel

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Mount Arbel

200px-Israel relief location map.jpg

Basic Information

Location Mount Arbel, Kinnerot, Israel
Country Israel
City Lower Galilee

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 32.82417,35.49861


Summary

Mount Arbel (Hebrew: הר ארבל‎, Har Arbel) is a mountain in The Lower Galilee near Tiberias in Israel, with high cliffs, views of Mount Hermon in the Golan Heights, trails to a cave-fortress, and ruins of an ancient synagogue. Mount Arbel sits across from Mount Nitai, their cliffs were created as a result of the Jordan Rift Valley and the geological faults that produced the valleys. There are four villages on the mountain: Kfar Zeitim, Arbel, Kfar Hittim, and Mitzpa. The peak, at 181 metres above sea level (380 metres above the surrounding area), dominates the surroundings (much of the area is below sea level) and from the lookout atop the mountain, almost all of the Galilee into the Golan Heights including Safed, Tiberias and most of the Sea of Galilee, is visible.


History and time period

Nearby are the ruins of an ancient Jewish settlement with a Synagogue from the fourth century C.E. with extend pews and columns, and dug into the mountain itself are a number of cliff dwellings. The extant cliff dwellings are from the 17th century and were built by the Druze. There are documented Jewish cliff dwellings dating back to the Second temple period, in the area, few standing stones left from synagogues from that period. Josephus writes about the Roman conquest of some of the last Hasmonean rebels who dwelt in the cliffs of Mt Arbe





Notes

In 2008, it was announced that a new golf course resort, designed by Robert Trent Jones, Jr. would be constructed at a cost of $150 million, on land owned by Kfar Hittim on Mount Arbel. The resort which should open in 2011, will cater for between 600-900 people as well as creating 300-400 jobs.

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