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New Jewish Quarter of Estella

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New Jewish Quarter of Estella


Basic Information

Location Estella, Spain
Country Spain
City Estella
Address Estella, Spain

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 42.6668,-2.0275


The Jews abandoned the old Jewish quarter of Elgacena in the first half of the 12th century and settled on the Northern slope of a terrace of the River Ega situated to the south of the city on one of the bends of the river and under the hill where Belmecher castle was to be built in the last quarter of the 13th century.

The New Jewish Quarter occupied an approximate extension of around 35,000 m2. It was delimited by a wall on its East, South and West where it met the walls of Belmecher castle. On the northern side, the Jewish Quarter neighboured the St. Dominic´s convent gardens from which it was separated in 1307 with the constructon of an adobe wall by order of King Luis Hutin.

The Jewish Quarter included, in addition to the dwellings of the settlement, the communal installations common to all the Jewish Quarters: the oven, butcher's, baths, water mill, a dyeing plant and wine press. As with any Jewish community, it must also have had a synagogue and its annexed installations. None of these buildings has been located at present.

Today the buildings which went to make up the new Estella Jewish Quarter are no longer visible and what remains of them may is concealed under the site and crops. The only visible part of the Jewish Quarter is the wall which delimited and defended it. It is a 300 m long stretch built from white limestone. The remains of a tower are conserved, endowed with two defensive walls alongside which a gate opens providing access to the Jewish quarter.

The archaeological excavations in progress recently undertaken inside this district have allowed the recovery of construction testimonies and material culture to be recovered from said aljama. From the latter it would seem that their urban layout was adapted to the slope with the dwellings situated on parallel lines and on terraces

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