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Old Port of Marseille

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Old Port of Marseille

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Basic Information

Location 43.29729,5.36844
Country France
City Marseille

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Website http://www.jewishtravelagency.com/JewishTravel/FranceAd.htm
Geographical Coordinates 43.2972,5.36839



Summary

The Marseilles Roundup took place in the Old Port of Marseille, under the Vichy regime that collaborated with the Nazi's Second World War occupation of France, on 22, 23 and 24 January 1943. Assisted by the French police, directed by René Bousquet, the Germans organized a raid to arrest Jewish people. The police checked the identity documents of 40,000 people, and the operation sent 2,000 Marseillese people first to Fréjus, then to the camp of Royallieu near Compiègne, in the Northern Zone of France, and then to Drancy internment camp, last stop before the extermination camps. The operation also encompassed the expulsion of an entire neighborhood (30,000 persons) before its destruction. Located in the Old Port, the 1st arrondissement was considered by the Germans to be a "terrorist nest" because of its small, windy and curvy streets. For this occasion, SS leader Karl Oberg, in charge of the German Police in France, made the trip from Paris, and transmitted to Bousquet orders directly received from Himmler. It is a notable case of the French police's willful collaboration with the German occupiers.


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