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Oviedo

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Oviedo

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Basic Information

Location Asturias, España
Country Spain
City Asturias

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility yes
Geographical Coordinates 43.3614,-5.85933


Summary

Known as the ‘Capital of Paradise’, unfortunately nothing original of Oviedo’s Jewish heritage remains in the old Jewish quarter. The city is however skilled at commemorating what used to be there. There are many things to ‘not’ see in Oviedo: wander over to the Campoamor Theatre and look for ghosts –below your feet is what used to be the Jewish cemetery, memorialised by a plaque on the side of the theatre. In Juan XXIII Square, a lonely plaque on a pharmacy tells readers that they are in the historic Jewish quarter. Most excitingly, perhaps, just east of the theatre, is the commemorative statue of Woody Allen.

General

Oviedo is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain and the administrative and commercial center of the region. Honored since the 19th century, the city lends its name to the sudarium of Oviedo, a religious relic. The city is situated approximately 20 km south of Gijón, which is also the shoreline of the Bay of Biscay. Due to its close proximity to the sea, the city tends to have a maritime climate even though it is not located directly on the shoreline.

History and time period

The Kingdom of Asturias began in 720, with a Visigothic Aristocrat Pelagius's (685-737) revolt against the Muslims occupying most of Spain at the time. In 1927 following the Ordinances of the Council, the Jewry living in Oviedo were forced to live in Socastiello district, which was located adjacent to to Citadel and the city walls. The Jewish quarter of Oviedo was located in the area from Castillo Gate to the Socastiello New Gate. Interestingly, at that time, a number of the houses had been built beyond the walled-off area and numerous Jews had settled outside the walls. Therefore, it is more challenging to define the exact internal boundaries of the Jewish Quarter. Sadly though, no material remains of this Jewish quarter have been conserved.


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