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Puente de la Fuente Chiquita (Little Fountain Bridge

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Puente de la Fuente Chiquita (Little Fountain Bridge


Basic Information

Location Hervas, Spain
Country Spain
City Hervas
Address Hervas, Spain

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 40.2757,-5.8570


Abajo Street gives out onto the bridge which crosses the Ambroz. At the buttress of the Fuente Chiquita bridge, formed by a funeral headstone from 1395, passing your hand over the polished cut of the stone means taking part in the intra-history of thousands of market gardeners who sharpened their sickles or knives here over the centuries. It also provides an occasion to recall the verses of the poet and folklorist Emilio González de Hervás which goes:

¡Encanto de viejos siglos
con sabores sefarditas!
¡Cofradía aceiturnera!
¡Sinagoga rabilera!
¡Graciosa Fuente Chiquita!
Y como piedra preciosa,
engarzada airosamente,
ese monolito rosa
llamado Machón del Puente.

Almost brushing the branches of the willow, which weeps over the river, perhaps recalling the legendary misfortune of the Maruxa, the wandering Jew, the route takes us to the other side of this body of water to arrive, on the right, at a space where there is a magnificent panoramic view of the Jewish quarter with its set of houses distributed along the bank. And watching it all from the heights, St. Mary's tower.

From this branch of the Ambroz it is easy to imagine the daily life of the Jews of Hervás near the river. Although some sources date the arrival of the Jewish contingent to the town in the 13th century, the first official documentation dates from 1464, linking the Jews to the Zúñiga family, in other words, to the Duchy of Béjar to which Hervás belonged from 1369 until the granting of the privilege of township in 1816.

It should be borne in mind that in the 15th century Hervás had slightly more than two hundred residents, including forty five Jewish families who, with the aid of the Duke, had taken refuge here fleeing the persecutions of 1391. The documents mention families like the Cohen, the Çalama, the Haben Haxiz and the Molho and their relevance in the community remained for many years following the saying en Hervás, In Hervás, Jews predominate.

After the edict of 1492, twenty five families left Hervás bound for Portugal and the rest were subjected to forced conversion to Christianity; some of them returned such as Rabbi Samuel two year later to join the brotherhood of St. Gervase which allowed the Jewish collective to stick together for some time. The cases of crypto Judaism detected in the years following the decree of expulsion and the incessant persecution of the Inquisition meant that the phenomenon of converts in Hervás bore a relevance which is still recalled today with the annual celebration of days dedicated to the Converts.

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