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Rabat Mellah

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Rabat Mellah

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Basic Information

Location Rabat
Country Morocco
City Rabat

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 34.01505,-6.83272


Summary

A mellah is a walled Jewish quarter of a city in Morocco, analogous to the European ghetto. Jewish populations were confined to mellahs in Morocco beginning from the 15th century and especially since the early 19th century. It was first seen as a privilege and a protection against the Arabs' attacks in the region, but with the growth of the population, it then became a poor and miserable place. With the colonization and the arrival of the Europeans at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the Mellah opened and gave new economical and social possibilities to the Moroccan Jews.

In cities, a mellah was surrounded by a wall with a fortified gateway. Usually, the Jewish quarter was situated near the royal palace or the residence of the governor, in order to protect its inhabitants from recurring riots since its inhabitants played a vital role in the local economy. In contrast, rural mellahs were separate villages inhabited solely by the Jews.

General

At the beginning of the 19th century, around 1807, sultan Sulayman forced Jews to move to mellahs in the towns of the coastal region, in Rabat, Salé, Mogador, and Tetouan.


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