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Ravensbrück Concentration Camp Memorial

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Ravensbrück Concentration Camp Memorial

Ravensbruckmemoberlin.jpg

Basic Information

Location 53°11′20.4″N 13°10′12″E
Country Germany
City Fürstenberg

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Website http://www.ravensbrueck.de/mgr/neu/english/index.htm
Geographical Coordinates 53.19254,13.16649


Summary

Ravensbrück was a notorious women's concentration camp during World War II, located in northern Germany, 90 km (56 mi) north of Berlin at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel). Construction of the camp began in November 1938 by SS leader Heinrich Himmler and was unusual in that it was a camp primarily for women and children. The camp opened in May 1939. In the spring of 1941, the SS authorities established a small camp for men adjacent to the main camp. Between 1939 and 1945, over 130,000 female prisoners passed through the Ravensbrück camp system; around 40,000 were Polish and 26,000 were Jewish. Between 15,000 and 32,000 of the total survived. Although the inmates came from every country in German-occupied Europe, the largest single national group incarcerated in the camp consisted of Polish women. Siemens & Halske employed many of the slave labor prisoners. Margarete Buber: "At the end of each week, the reward was added together and the hours logged, so evident that it was what every worker earned in so many hours, but which they never received, which was taken away by Siemens per concentration camp slave. Through this system it was to determine immediately where a prisoner had his workload, which accounted for about 40 Pfennig per hour not achieved ... my employment at Siemens consisted mainly in correspondence of the Director with concentration camp. ... As I learned, the main directors were showing their zeal for following orders, for their career, and out of fear of being sent to the front."


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