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Segovia

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Segovia

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Basic Information

Location Segovia, Spain
Country Spain
City Segovia

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility yes
Geographical Coordinates 40.9429,-4.10881


Summary

The undulated shape and seven gates of the Segovian Jewish quarter sets it apart from the rest of the city. Segovia’s Jewish history is what might best be termed ‘hidden’. There’s a hotel on the site of a famed converso rabbi’s house. Large arches stand, without their gates. Where there was once three synagogues, two dedicated Talmud schools, a Jewish hospital, cemetery, butcher, ovens and baths, there are now a collection of generic buildings with some lovely scenery and views – the community was forced to liquidate their assets at the time of the expulsion. Happily, within the quarter is the Jewish Quarter Educational center, which is also the former home of an illustrious descendant of converted Jews.

General

The old city of Segovia was declared a world heritage by UNESCO in 1985. The old city is a city of diversity in which historic, religious and civil buildings can be found. Both Jews and Catholics found home in in the old city, thus commemorating the diversity that is the old city of Segovia. This array of cultural heritage is seen in the former synagogue, now a church of Corpus, as well as in the Jewish cemetery, with an interpretation center in the most important Jewish palace of the Spanish aljamas. The city has a vast array of attractions, including the Aqueduct Segovia and Alcazer of Sergovia. Another tourist attraction is the Walls of Segovia which dates back to Alfonso VI of León and Castile who took the city to the Arabs. Today the wall surrounding the historic quarter still stands, and currently maintains three doors: San Cebrián, of great austerity; Santiago, of Mudéjar appearance; and San Andrés, gateway to the Jewish quarter; and the breaches of Consuelo, San Juan, the Sun, and the Moon.

History and time period

Segovia was first under Celtic rule, with the Romans eventually taking possession of the city. During this time, the settlement belonged to a contemporary Latin convert.The city was characterized by its trading route which allowed for the trading of wool and textiles. With the growing Jewish population and the growth of the cloth industry, in Segovia during the end of the Middle Ages, the city's wealth grew significantly. In 1808, Segovia was attacked by the French during the War of Independence. However, the French troops were not successful in this battle. It was only during the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century, that the city was able to successfully recovery due to the relative stable economy.


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