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Shanghai Ghetto

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Shanghai Ghetto

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Basic Information

Location 31°15′54″N 121°30′18″E
Country China
City Shanghai

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Website http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005589
Geographical Coordinates 31.26456,121.5059


Summary

The Shanghai ghetto (上海隔都 Shànghǎi gédōu), formally known as the Restricted Sector for Stateless Refugees (無国籍難民限定地区 Wú guójí nànmín xiàndìng dìqū?), was an area of approximately one square mile in the Hongkou District of Japanese-occupied Shanghai, to which about 20,000 Jewish refugees were relocated by the Japanese-issued Proclamation Concerning Restriction of Residence and Business of Stateless Refugees after having fled from German-occupied Europe before and during World War II. The refugees were settled in the poorest and most crowded area of the city. Local Jewish families and American Jewish charities aided them with shelter, food and clothing. The Japanese authorities increasingly stepped up restrictions, but the ghetto was not walled, and the local Chinese residents, whose living conditions were often as bad, did not leave.


After liberation

The ghetto was officially liberated on September 3, 1945, after some delay to allow Chiang Kai-shek's army to take political credit for the liberation of Shanghai. With the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 and the fall of Chiang Kai-shek in 1949, almost all the Shanghai ghetto Jews left. By 1957, only 100 remained, and today only a few may still live there. The Government of Israel bestowed the honor of the Righteous Among the Nations to Chiune Sugihara in 1985 and to Ho Feng Shan in 2001. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Israel and China in 1992, the connection between the Jewish people and Shanghai has been recognized in various ways. In 2007, the Israeli consulate-general in Shanghai donated 660,000 Yuan, provided by 26 Israeli companies, to community projects in Hongkou District, in recognition of the safe harbour provided by the ghetto. The only Jewish monument in Shanghai is located at Houshan Park (former Rabin Park) in Hongkou District.

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