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The Jewish quarter of Segovia

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The Jewish quarter of Segovia


Basic Information

Location Segovia, Spain
Country Spain
City Segovia
Address Segovia, Spain

General Information

Open to visitors no
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 40.9503,-4.1272


The Jewish quarter of Segovia extends via the south side of the city between the old Main synagogue, now the church of Corpus Christi, and the streets of Juderia Vieja, Santa Ana, Rastrillo, the square and streets of Socorro, Nueva Juderia and Almuzara. There were also Jewish houses in the blocks outside St. Andrew´s gate and immediately adjoining it. Opposite the gate on the other side of the Clamores stream there stood the cemetery.

The Jewish quarter was closed in 1481 by decree of the Catholic Monarchs, putting up seven gates with brick arches.

The Jews were forced to reside and locate all the buildings and outbuildings specific to the aljama within the delimited space, but they were not forbidden to move around the rest of the city nor to continue to exercise their professional activities as they had done up to that juncture: Juçef Biton, a Jewish blacksmith who had spent many years working for the canons of the cathedral of Segovia, continued, after 1481, to practice his profession in total normality.

The houses of the Jewish quarter were made of stone, brick and wood. They were small houses with two or three floors which took up a plot of around thirty or forty square metres and had courtyards and yards. Currently the façades can perfectly be seen with wood framing and brick courses and verdugadas. As seen in many small windows which correspond with the stairs.

In the 13th century, Jews, Christians and Moslems too part together in community tasks like the sale of land or trials. Neither do we have any testimony to the effect that the Jews of Segovia suffered any attacks or persecutions as occurred in other Spanish Jewish quarters. However, access to the kingdom by John II, the grandson of Henry III, marked for the Castilian Jewish community the start of a time of growing tension which culminated a century later in the expulsion decreed by the Catholic Monarchs in 1492.

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