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The Midras Ruins - Adulam Park

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The Midras Ruins - Adulam Park

קבר הפירמידה בחורבת מדרס.jpg

Basic Information

Location 31.656545°, 34.936648°
Country Israel
City Tsafririm

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility no
Geographical Coordinates 31.65856,34.9439


The Adullam Caves park is a KKL park of 50,000 dunams (12,355 acres (50.00 km2)) of mostly pine forests, which were planted in the early years of the statehood, by Jewish immigrants who settled in the Lachish region. The park was prepared for public use by the Israeli Antiquities Authority and the Jewish National Fund and is located between the three roads: Highway 375 from the north, Highway 35 from the south and Highway 38 from the west. The western part of the park, where the main entrance to the park is located, is located opposite to the entrance of Britannia Park. The eastern boundary of the park is adjacent to the Green Line.

The Adullam Grove Nature Reserve (Hebrew: שמורת טבע חורש עדולם‎) is a nature reserve in central Israel, south of Beit Shemesh.


The park contains:

Archaeological sites; Hurvat Adullam (31.655281, 35.004072) - thought to be the site of biblical Adullam, with nearby caves. Hurvat Etri (31.649472, 34.972007) - remains of a Jewish village from the 1st-2nd centuries CE, containing Mikvehs, a synagogue, a columbarium, and burial caves. Hurvat Borgyn (31.635715, 34.969293) - remains of a 2nd century CE settlement, including fortifications, wells, burial caves, a wine press, and other agriculture oriented finds. Nearby is the former Arab village of Umm Burj. Tel Sokho (31.675225, 34.967081) Two marked trails for bicycle riders: The "Sokho" track – a 13 km track heading towards Tel Sokho and then heads back. Track "Borgyne" – a 22 km track which passes through the ancient ruins of Etri and Borgyne, and then heads back.

History and time period

The Adullam Grove nature reserve was first declared in 1994, covering 5,380 dunams (5.38 km2; 2.08 sq mi) and was expanded with a further 1,152 dunams (1.152 km2; 0.445 sq mi) in 2004. The reserve was declared in order to protect Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub that grow naturally in the area. Hurvat Midras, an archaeological site that existed from the 10th century BCE until approximately the 4th century CE, is within the reserves boundaries.

Reserve flora includes; Buckthorn trees (Rhamnus palaestinus), Oak trees, Greek Strawberry trees, Pistacia lentiscus trees, and various types of Cistus and Hyssop.

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