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Toledo

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Toledo

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Basic Information

Location Toledo, Spain
Country Spain
City Toledo

General Information

Open to visitors yes
Need appointment no
Handicap accessibility yes
Geographical Coordinates 39.86283,-4.02731


Summary

Toledo, close to Madrid, is the city of walls, silk and swords and one of the most important Jewish cities of medieval Europe. Other than the famous ‘Escuela de Traductores’ (School of Translators), the Jewish Quarter's (Juderia) two remaining synagogues (out of Toldeo’s original ten) are unmissable.

General

Toledo, the "Imperial City", is situated 70 km south of Madrid. It is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. UNESCO declared Toledo a World Heritage Site in 1986. The city is known for its vast array of cultural heritage and historical co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish cultures. As of 2012, the city has a population of 84,019 and an area of 232.1 km (89.6 sq mi).

History and time period

The city dates back to the Bronze Age. In 1085, the city fell to Alfonso VI of Castile and became the first major city in the Christian Reconquista.

According to Don Isaac Abrabanel, the well-known Jewish figure in Spain in the 15th century and one of the King's trusted courtiers who witnessed the expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492, the city Ṭulayṭulah was named by its first Jewish inhabitants who settled there in the 5th century bce. It is believed that the city was given the name by way of conjecture as it may have been related to its Hebrew cognate טלטול (wandering), on account of the Jewish peoples' wandering from Jerusalem.


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