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Tomb of the Prophets Haggai
|Location 31.783333°N 35.250833°E|
|Address Mount of Olives, Jerusalem|
|Open to visitors yes|
|Need appointment no|
|Handicap accessibility no|
|Geographical Coordinates 31.78333,35.25083|
The Tomb of the Prophets Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi is located on the upper slope of the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem. According to Jewish and Christian tradition, the catacomb is believed to be the burial place of Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, the last three Hebrew Bible prophets who are believed to have lived during the 5th-6th centuries BC.
The chamber forms two concentric passages containing 38 burial niches. The entrance to the large rock-cut burial cave is on the western side, where a staircase descends, flanked on both sides by a stone balustrade. It leads into a large circular central vault measuring 24 ft in diameter. From it, two parallel tunnels, 5 ft wide and 10 ft high, stretch some 20 yards through the rock. A third tunnel runs in another direction. They are all connected by cross galleries, the outer one of which measures 40 yards in length. Research shows that the complex actually dates from the 1st-century BCE, when these style of tombs came into use for Jewish burial. Some Greek inscriptions discovered at the site suggest the cave was re-used to bury foreign Christians during the 4th and 5th centuries CE On one of the side walls of the vault, a Greek inscription translates: Put thy faith in God, Dometila: No human creature is immortal!
The site has been venerated by the Jews since medieval times, and they often visited the site. In 1882, Archimandrite Antonin Kapustin acquired the location for the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. He planned to build a church at the site, which aroused strong protests by the Jews who visited and worshiped at the cave. The Ottoman courts ruled in 1890 that the transaction was binding but the Russians agreed not to display Christian symbols or icons at the site which was to remain accessible for people of all faiths.